Exercises for Jumping and Flat Work

IMG_5356Here are some jumping exercises you can do with only four fences—you’ll need eight standards and eight poles. If you don’t have either of these, you can use buckets or hay bales as standards and purchase inexpensive landscaping poles from a local hardware store. Paint them for a professional touch if you prefer, and you’re ready to start.

Trotting Poles
Trotting over poles is a great way to warm up your horse for jumping, and it teaches him to pick up his feet and pay attention to what’s in front of him. Here are some ground pole exercises you can do with eight poles and eight standards.

The Row1. The Row
Set up a line of eight trotting poles on the ground, setting the standards to the outside of each pole so your horse won’t veer. The poles should be about 5 feet apart for an average-sized horse. If your horse is unfamiliar with trotting poles, walk him over them a few times first. When you and your horse are ready, trot the poles in both directions. You can ride in a posting trot or two-point jumping position.
The Box2. The Box
Set up four ground poles in a square formation to create two “doubles.” Space the parallel sides of the box 24 or 36 feet apart. The horse should learn to trot straight down the middle in a forward stride.
The Bounce3. The Bounce
Set up three ground poles about 9 feet apart (three large human strides) with standards on their outsides and canter over them. This exercise will help your horse develop a round-framed canter stride that he will be able to use when jumping.

Jumping Made Easy
After warming up over poles, you can move on to jumping fences. Cross-rail fences and verticals with one pole raised between the standards and one on the ground directly underneath can be jumped in both directions.

Multiple-fence exercises may be approached at a forward trot or round, controlled canter to fit the standard 12-foot canter stride distances shown here. However, you can adjust these if your horse has a longer or shorter stride. School type horses will take a smaller and slower stride so aim more towards 10-11 ft strides.

The Lines4. The Lines
Set up two cross-rail or vertical fences along both long sides of your field or arena in a simple hunter pattern. The two fences should be about 60 or 72 feet apart (four or five canter strides, plus a 6-foot landing and 6-foot takeoff). Approach from both directions in either a forward trot or controlled canter. If you trot in, the horse should canter out, as the distance is set up for canter strides.
5.The Box (Take Two)
Place the four fences in the same box formation you set up for the trotting poles. You can jump these doubles from any direction at a trot or canter. Once you’ve gone through one line, look ahead and make a cloverleaf turn to the right or left and jump the other double. It’s a good idea to get your horse used to jumping six to eight fences at once to prepare him for jumping a course.
The Y6. The “Y”
Set up two cross-rail or vertical fences as a two- or three-stride in the middle of the field or arena. Place another cross-rail or vertical fence to the right and one to the left, approximately 48 feet (three canter strides) away from the double on a bending line. Jump the double combination first and then canter to the fence on the right. Next time, canter to the jump on the left. Or, jump a single fence first and then head toward the double. Always look ahead to where you are going, or your horse won’t turn soon enough to meet the next jump square down the middle. ( The measurements can be changed to fit a smaller arena size)
The Grid7. The Grid
You can also make a grid with four fences. Set up four in a row, with the first two fences about 16 to 17 feet apart, and the rest of the fences about 18 to 20 feet apart. This exercise is designed to trot in and canter through, with one-strides between each takeoff and landing. Getting the spacing right is important because grids are meant to be inviting for horses to jump.

Begin by jumping a grid made of small cross-rails. If your horse jumps it smoothly the first few times, ask a helper on the ground to make the last fence a vertical and jump the grid again. Then make the second-to-last fence a vertical, et cetera, until you’re jumping four vertical fences.

Remember, even short grids can be tiring for a horse. Don’t jump grids more than once a week, and keep your schooling sessions short.

By consistently practicing these exercises, your horse will become increasingly coordinated over multiple-jump combinations. Before you know it, you may even decide to sign up for a local show to test out your new skills.


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